Foot bruising: what should you know about it?


Foot bruising: what should you know about it?

Unexplained bruising of the feet is worrying and can affect everyone of all age groups, learn the most important information about bruising of the feet through this article.

Bruises generally occur when the blood vessels under the skin are damaged, causing blood to leak and thus the skin in this area to appear a different color, but what about foot bruises in particular?

foot bruising

In some cases, you may notice the appearance of bruises on the foot area without remembering the reason for this, and their appearance increases, of course, with age.

In general, there are three types of bruises, which are as follows:

  • Under the skin.
  • A muscle within the abdomen of the primary muscle.
  • Periosteal bone contusion.

Bruising can last from a few days or even a few months, and a bone bruise is the most severe and painful. 

Causes and factors of the appearance of foot bruises

Many causes and risk factors can lead to the appearance of bruises on the feet, and they are as follows:

1. Risk factors

Which includes the following:

  • Age: Older people suffer from unexplained bruising of the feet due to thinning of the skin and lack of fat in the area.
  • Gender: Women tend to bruise easier and more often than men.
  • Family history: If someone in your family has bruised, it's possible that you, too. 

2. Causes of bruising

These reasons include the following:

  • Engaging in violence.
  • Accidents, including car accidents.
  • Leg blows.
  • the fall.
  • Work and sports injuries.
  • Taking some types of medications, especially those that interfere with the blood's ability to clot, such as aspirin.
  • Cushing's syndrome, a disorder that causes high cortisol levels.
  • Hemophilia, a rare genetic disorder in which the blood does not clot normally.
  • Infection with certain types of cancer, such as leukemia.
  • Liver disease.
  • Thrombocytopenia or low platelet count.
  • Compartment syndrome, which is tissue compression within a closed muscle space inside the body that can lead to tissue death.
  • Take some supplements such as ginkgo, garlic, and fish oil.
  • Lack of some types of vitamins in the body, such as vitamin K and C.
  • Excessive alcohol intake.

From the above, you see that many causes and factors can lead to the appearance of bruises in the feet, and these things usually affect the coagulation process in the body, which is the body's ability to heal wounds and stop bleeding. 

For this process to take place as required, several things must be involved, the most important of which are platelets.

Symptoms that accompany foot bruising

The following symptoms may appear in association with foot bruising:

  • scratches;
  • Bleeding.
  •  bone deformity;
  • burns;
  • Changes in the range of motion.
  •  Changes in skin color.
  • Pain.
  • swelling.

You may also develop symptoms related to body systems, for example:

  • No blood clotting.
  • Fatigue
  • Ease of bleeding and bruising, including excessive menstrual bleeding.
  • Having frequent infections.
  • mood changes
  • impaired wound healing;
  • pain in the joints.
  • rash.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Varicose veins and the appearance of varicose veins.

When should you see your doctor?

See a doctor immediately if you notice the following:

  • The appearance of large bruises that occur frequently and for no apparent reason.
  • Bruising that does not improve after a week or two.
  • Bruising that appears after taking a medication or nutritional supplement.
  • Bruising continues to occur in the same area.
  • Cyanosis of the lips and nails.
  •  Change in level of consciousness such as fainting.
  • Chest pain and shortness of breath.
  • high temperature;
  • Paralysis or inability to move an area of ​​the body.
  • bone deformity;