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 Metformin





Metformin is a drug belonging to the biguanide group for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, which occurs as a result of the body's inability to use insulin normally, and therefore cannot control the level of blood sugar.

Metformin lowers the level of sugar in the blood by reducing the absorption of glucose from food, decreasing its production by the liver, and enhancing the sensitivity of the body's cells to insulin, which is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels.

The use of metformin is accompanied by a diabetic diet and exercise, and in most cases, metformin is used with insulin or other medications to treat diabetes.

Instructions for taking metformin

How to eat:

  • Fast-acting tablets.
  • Extended-release tablets.
  • Oral drink.
  • Extended-release oral suspension.

some doses:

  • Oral drink: once or twice a day.
  • Fast-acting tablets: 2 - 3 times a day.
  • Extended-release tablets: once daily.

Dosage:

grownups

The dose varies according to the method of use, and the dose is gradually increased over several weeks according to the patient's response and the doctor's instructions, and the dose is generally as follows:

  • Fast-acting preparations:  850 - 2550 milligrams per day.
  • Extended-release formulations:  500 to 2,000 milligrams daily.

children

The dosage for children 10 years of age and older depends on the method of use and the response of the patient. It is generally as follows:

  • Fast-acting preparations:  1,000 - 2,000 milligrams per day.
  • Extended-release formulations:  500 to 2,000 milligrams daily.

Event start:

The effect of the drug begins within days, and its maximum effectiveness is reached after about two weeks.

Effective time

The half-life of the drug is about 4 - 9 hours.

feed:

It is preferable to take the medicine with food to reduce any possible side effects on the digestive system. An appropriate diet and exercise should be followed according to the doctor's instructions to get the best efficacy of the medicine.

Storage and preservation:

The medicine should be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place out of the reach of children, heat, and moisture.

Forgetting a dose:

Take it as soon as you remember. Unless it is time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue the daily dosing schedule as usual, and do not double doses.

discontinuation of medication:

Do not stop taking the medicine without consulting the doctor, as it may lead to an exacerbation of the disease.

overdose:

Go to the emergency room immediately if you take large doses of the drug or develop unusual symptoms.

Warnings when taking metformin

During pregnancy:

The available data do not show an increased potential risk to the fetus, but there are significant risks to the mother and fetus when diabetes is not treated during pregnancy, so the risks versus benefits should be weighed carefully as directed by your doctor.

Hazard grade: C

Breastfeeding:

The medicine passes into breast milk and may affect the baby. A doctor should be consulted.

Babies and Babies

It is not recommended to use it.

Elderly:

A big probability for the appearance of side effects. the given dose may be reduced.

Driving:

You should refrain from driving until the effect of the drug becomes clear, as it may cause blurring (blurring).

Use of long treatments 

Surgery and anesthesia:

The surgeon or the anesthetist must be informed of the use of this medicine.

Side effects of metformin

appetite disorder
  • The popularity of influence: common 
  • Inform the doctor: In severe cases
nausea
  • The popularity of influence: common 
  • Inform the doctor: In severe cases
vomiting
  • The popularity of influence: common 
  • Inform the doctor: In severe cases
Diarrhea
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In severe cases
metallic taste
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In severe cases
Dizziness
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In each case
  • stop taking the medicine
Forgetting/confusion
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In each case
  • stop taking the medicine
weakness
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In each case
  • stop taking the medicine
Sweat
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In each case
  • stop taking the medicine
rash
  • Frequency of effect: rare
  • Inform the doctor: In each case
  • stop taking the medicine

Trade names for metformin

medicament name
MelvinMELBIN 250MG TABDAINIPPON SUMITOMO PHARMA
DialogDIALOG 1000MG FC TABLETSGulf Pharmaceutical Industries (Julphar)
metforminMETFORMIN HEXAL 1000 MG FILM-COATED TABLETSHEXAL
GlockerGLUCARE 500MG TABJazeera Pharmaceutical Industries (JPI)
Riad ForminRIYADHFORMINRIYADH PHARMA
FormateFORMAT 500MG TABLETSSPINACH

Metformin drug interactions

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