Estrogen benefits and functions


Estrogen benefits and functions

Estrogen has many important functions in the human body, so what exactly is this hormone? And what are its functions? Let's learn about the benefits of estrogen.

Estrogen benefits and functions

Estrogen is one of the hormones that have an important role in the functions of the reproductive system of men and women. Let's learn about the benefits of estrogen in the body in the following article:

Benefits of estrogen

Here are the most important benefits and functions of estrogen:

1. Relieves menopause symptoms

Estrogen levels change based on a person’s age. Its levels begin to rise during adolescence but decrease during menopause. Low estrogen levels during menopause may be associated with some side effects, which are as follows:

A doctor may prescribe an estrogen-containing medication for postmenopausal women, as it can help relieve menopausal symptoms.

2. Promotes bone health

Of the benefits of the hormone estrogen task its ability to reduce the decline in bone density among women in menopause, which is a decline in bone density common in women at this stage, raising the risk of contracting osteoporosis, and in some cases can not be effective drugs in reducing Osteoporosis, so your doctor may recommend estrogen replacement therapy.

3. Contributes to solving ovarian problems

The ovaries in a woman’s body produce estrogen, and in some cases, this process can be disrupted, which prompts doctors to prescribe estrogen-containing drugs. The most important problems that need such drugs are the following:

  • Female hypogonadism or a decrease in the function of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian failure.
  • Ovariectomy.

4. Other estrogen benefits

Estrogen has other benefits, here are the most prominent:

  • It increases the good cholesterol in the body and lowers the bad cholesterol.
  • It indirectly contributes to the expansion and softening of blood vessels and thus increases blood flow through them.
  • It absorbs free radicals that are naturally present in the blood and that can damage arteries and other tissues.
  • Estrogen helps stimulate the growth of ovarian follicles.
  • Estrogen maintains the thickness of the vaginal wall, enhances its hydration, and protects it from drying out.
  • Estrogen enhances and maintains the mucous membrane lining the uterus, as well as regulating the flow and thickness of uterine mucus secretions.
  • The body uses estrogen to make breast tissue, which in turn helps stop the flow of milk after weaning.

normal estrogen levels

Before talking about the natural levels of estrogen in the body, it is important to know that this hormone has several main types, namely estrone, estradiol, and estriol. Since the benefits of estrogen are numerous, it is important to stay within the normal levels, They are as follows:

1. Female estrogen levels





Not measurable - 29 pg/mL

Not measurable - 20 pg/mL


10- 20 pg/ml

Not measurable - 350 pg/ml

youth period

17- 200 pg/ml

15- 350 pg/ml

after menopause

7- 40 pg/ml

More than 10 pg/ml

It is worth noting that estriol levels are not measurable in non-pregnant women.

2. The natural estrogen level in men





Not measurable - 16 pg/ml

Not measurable -13 pg/mL


Not measurable - 60 pg/mL

Not measurable -40 pg/ml

youth period

10-60 pg/ml

10-40 pg/ml